Although organizations and institutions dealing with memory and reconciliation in the Asia-Pacific were present following the end of the Pacific War, it was not until the end of the Cold War that numerous non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) began to emerge worldwide.  One of the main missions of many of these organizations has been to challenge Japan on issues such as comfort women, POWs, forced labor, and the use of biological weapons.  These organizations exert pressure not only on the Japanese government, but the governments of their own countries in their pursuit of individual compensation. 

Below links are presented to both NGOs and INGOs that deal with issues pertaining to WWII and efforts to move toward reconciliation in the Asia-Pacific.  As with other aspects of this website, your comments on items that may have been missed would be appreciated. 

Australia     China     International

Japan     Korea     Netherlands

New Zealand     Philippines     Russia

Taiwan     United Kingdom     United States